There's more documentation on music in Scotland back through the centuries than there is in Ireland. (Although compared to France or Italy, there's still not very much.) The Gaidhealtachd (the Gaelic-speaking part of Scotland) was part of the same culture as Gaelic Ireland until about 300 years ago. However, much of the existing information refers to the Galltachd (the Scots-speaking area, i.e. the Lowlands) which had cultural influences from England, the Gaidhealtachd, Scandinavia and France. Politically, Scotland maintained "the Auld Alliance" with France against England, which resulted in a strong French influence at the Scottish court.
The Scottish court went out of existence in 1603 when King James VI of Scotland became King James I of England. Scotland remained nominally independent for about another century, when it was absorbed into the United Kingdom. The story is told in Robert's Burns' well-known song Such a parcel of rogues in a nation, referring to the Scottish lords who took bribes to vote away their country's independence. In a referendum in 1997, which had been promised by the new Labour government led by Tony Blair, Scotland voted overwhelmingly in favour of re-establishing the Scottish Parliament.
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